Microplastic distribution along a Saint-Lawrence river-to-sea continuum (2019)

Despite the close connection of freshwaters to human health, the occurrence and fate of microplastics in marine estuaries remain poorly documented. To study these particles in the Saint-Lawrence River (Quebec, Canada), surface water samples were collected along a river-to-sea continuum, from Saint-Louis Lake to Cacouna. The microplastics from these water samples were isolated and sorted by size range and by shapes: fibers (1 dimension), films (2 dimensions) or fragments (3 dimensions). Particles were identified by microscopy and infrared spectroscopy techniques. The physico-chemical (temperature, conductivity, pH and dissolved oxygen) gradients along the continuum were monitored at the time of sampling. Sampling of microplastics (0.3 – 3.2 mm) in surface water was carried out using an original pumping system (without plastic), at the rate of 3 replicates of 1,000 L per station.

This work provides the first set of data concerning the microplastic pollution in a major river-to-sea continuum of North America and describes the fate of these microplastics along horizontal physico-chemical gradients.

For more information you can consult the scientific article which results from these data:

  • L. Rowenczyk, H. Cai, B. Nguyen, M. Sirois, M.-C. Côté-Laurin, N. Toupoint, A. Ismail, N. Tufenkji, From freshwaters to bivalves: Microplastic distribution along the Saint-Lawrence river-to-sea continuum, Journal of Hazardous Materials, Volume 435, 2022,128977, ISSN 0304-3894, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2022.128977.

Access and Use

Licence: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0

Data and Resources

Citation

Keywords

Dataset extent

Map data © OpenStreetMap contributors

Metadata Reference Date(s) July 18, 2022 (Publication)
July 18, 2022 (Revision)
Dataset Reference Date(s) July 29, 2019 (Creation)
Frequency of Update As Needed

Responsible Party 1
Name
Laura Rowenczyk
Affiliation
Université McGill
Email
lau.rowenczyk@gmail.com
Role
  • Author
  • Point of Contact
  • Collaborator
Responsible Party 2
Name
Nathalie Tufenkji
Affiliation
Université McGill
Email
nathalie.tufenkji@mcgill.ca
Role
  • Author
  • Owner
  • Principal Investigator
Responsible Party 3
Name
Marie-Claude Côté-Laurin
Affiliation
Merinov
Email
marie-claude.cote-laurin@merinov.ca
Role
  • Author
  • Custodian
  • Distributor
  • Owner
  • Point of Contact
  • Principal Investigator
Responsible Party 4
Name
Nicolas Toupoint
Affiliation
Merinov
Email
nicolas.toupoint@merinov.ca
Role
  • Author
  • Owner
  • Principal Investigator
Responsible Party 5
Name
Marie-Ève Clark
Affiliation
Merinov
Role
  • Custodian
  • Collaborator
  • Editor
Responsible Party 6
Name
Maude Sirois
Affiliation
Merinov
Role
  • Co Author
  • Collaborator

Field Value
Title Microplastic distribution along a Saint-Lawrence river-to-sea continuum (2019)
Description

Despite the close connection of freshwaters to human health, the occurrence and fate of microplastics in marine estuaries remain poorly documented. To study these particles in the Saint-Lawrence River (Quebec, Canada), surface water samples were collected along a river-to-sea continuum, from Saint-Louis Lake to Cacouna. The microplastics from these water samples were isolated and sorted by size range and by shapes: fibers (1 dimension), films (2 dimensions) or fragments (3 dimensions). Particles were identified by microscopy and infrared spectroscopy techniques. The physico-chemical (temperature, conductivity, pH and dissolved oxygen) gradients along the continuum were monitored at the time of sampling. Sampling of microplastics (0.3 – 3.2 mm) in surface water was carried out using an original pumping system (without plastic), at the rate of 3 replicates of 1,000 L per station.

This work provides the first set of data concerning the microplastic pollution in a major river-to-sea continuum of North America and describes the fate of these microplastics along horizontal physico-chemical gradients.

For more information you can consult the scientific article which results from these data:

  • L. Rowenczyk, H. Cai, B. Nguyen, M. Sirois, M.-C. Côté-Laurin, N. Toupoint, A. Ismail, N. Tufenkji, From freshwaters to bivalves: Microplastic distribution along the Saint-Lawrence river-to-sea continuum, Journal of Hazardous Materials, Volume 435, 2022,128977, ISSN 0304-3894, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2022.128977.
Keywords
Ocean Variables
  • Oxygen
  • Sea Surface Temperature
  • Other
  • Marine debris
Citation

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Scope Dataset
Status Completed
Metadata Dates
Metadata Date 1
Date
2022-07-18
Type
Publication
Metadata Date 2
Date
2022-07-18
Type
Revision
Resource Dates
Resource Date 1
Date
2019-07-29
Type
Creation
Maintenance and update frequency As Needed
Maintenance Note Generated from https://cioos-siooc.github.io/metadata-entry-form
Point of Contact
Point of Contact 1
Name
Laura Rowenczyk
Affiliation
Université McGill
Email
lau.rowenczyk@gmail.com
Role
Point of Contact
Point of Contact 2
Name
Marie-Claude Côté-Laurin
Affiliation
Merinov
Email
marie-claude.cote-laurin@merinov.ca
Role
  • Custodian
  • Point of Contact
Point of Contact 3
Name
Marie-Ève Clark
Affiliation
Merinov
Role
Custodian
Responsible Party
Responsible Party 1
Name
Laura Rowenczyk
Affiliation
Université McGill
Email
lau.rowenczyk@gmail.com
Role
  • Author
  • Collaborator
Responsible Party 2
Name
Nathalie Tufenkji
Affiliation
Université McGill
Email
nathalie.tufenkji@mcgill.ca
Role
  • Author
  • Owner
  • Principal Investigator
Responsible Party 3
Name
Marie-Claude Côté-Laurin
Affiliation
Merinov
Email
marie-claude.cote-laurin@merinov.ca
Role
  • Author
  • Owner
  • Principal Investigator
Responsible Party 4
Name
Nicolas Toupoint
Affiliation
Merinov
Email
nicolas.toupoint@merinov.ca
Role
  • Author
  • Owner
  • Principal Investigator
Responsible Party 5
Name
Marie-Ève Clark
Affiliation
Merinov
Role
  • Collaborator
  • Editor
Responsible Party 6
Name
Maude Sirois
Affiliation
Merinov
Role
  • Co Author
  • Collaborator
Distributor
Distributor 1
Name
Marie-Claude Côté-Laurin
Affiliation
Merinov
Email
marie-claude.cote-laurin@merinov.ca
Role
Distributor
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North Bounding Latitude 45.31
South Bounding Latitude 48.11
East Bounding Longitude -69.39
West Bounding Longitude -74.02
Temporal Extent
Begin
2019-07-29
End
2019-08-07
Vertical Extent
Min
0.0
Max
1.0
Default Locale English
XML Metadata File Location https://catalogue-waf.ogsl.ca/metadata-files/merinov/85200585-f2ef-48d7-8f86-48d9871704e7.xml
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<cit:CI_OnlineResource> <cit:linkage> <gco:CharacterString>merinov.ca</gco:CharacterString> </cit:linkage> <cit:protocol> <gco:CharacterString>WWW:LINK</gco:CharacterString> </cit:protocol> <cit:function> <cit:CI_OnLineFunctionCode codeList="https://standards.iso.org/iso/19115/resources/Codelists/cat/codelists.xml#CI_OnLineFunctionCode" codeListValue="information"></cit:CI_OnLineFunctionCode> </cit:function> </cit:CI_OnlineResource> </cit:onlineResource> </cit:CI_Contact> </cit:contactInfo> <cit:individual> <cit:CI_Individual> <cit:name> <gco:CharacterString>Nicolas Toupoint</gco:CharacterString> </cit:name> <cit:contactInfo> <cit:CI_Contact> <cit:address> <cit:CI_Address> <cit:deliveryPoint> <gco:CharacterString></gco:CharacterString> </cit:deliveryPoint> <cit:city> <gco:CharacterString></gco:CharacterString> </cit:city> <cit:country> <gco:CharacterString></gco:CharacterString> </cit:country> <cit:electronicMailAddress> 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Beach</gco:CharacterString> </cit:deliveryPoint> <cit:city> <gco:CharacterString>Gaspé</gco:CharacterString> </cit:city> <cit:country> <gco:CharacterString>Canada</gco:CharacterString> </cit:country> </cit:CI_Address> </cit:address> <cit:onlineResource> <cit:CI_OnlineResource> <cit:linkage> <gco:CharacterString>merinov.ca</gco:CharacterString> </cit:linkage> <cit:protocol> <gco:CharacterString>WWW:LINK</gco:CharacterString> </cit:protocol> <cit:function> <cit:CI_OnLineFunctionCode codeList="https://standards.iso.org/iso/19115/resources/Codelists/cat/codelists.xml#CI_OnLineFunctionCode" codeListValue="information"></cit:CI_OnLineFunctionCode> </cit:function> </cit:CI_OnlineResource> </cit:onlineResource> </cit:CI_Contact> </cit:contactInfo> <cit:individual> <cit:CI_Individual> <cit:name> <gco:CharacterString>Nicolas Toupoint</gco:CharacterString> </cit:name> <cit:contactInfo> <cit:CI_Contact> <cit:address> <cit:CI_Address> <cit:deliveryPoint> <gco:CharacterString></gco:CharacterString> </cit:deliveryPoint> <cit:city> <gco:CharacterString></gco:CharacterString> </cit:city> <cit:country> <gco:CharacterString></gco:CharacterString> </cit:country> <cit:electronicMailAddress> <gco:CharacterString>nicolas.toupoint@merinov.ca</gco:CharacterString> </cit:electronicMailAddress> </cit:CI_Address> </cit:address> </cit:CI_Contact> </cit:contactInfo> <cit:positionName> <gco:CharacterString>Industrial Researcher</gco:CharacterString> </cit:positionName> </cit:CI_Individual> </cit:individual> </cit:CI_Organisation> </cit:party> </cit:CI_Responsibility> </cit:citedResponsibleParty> <cit:citedResponsibleParty> <cit:CI_Responsibility> <cit:role> <cit:CI_RoleCode codeList="https://standards.iso.org/iso/19115/resources/Codelists/cat/codelists.xml#CI_RoleCode" codeListValue="editor"/> </cit:role> <cit:party> <cit:CI_Organisation> <cit:name> <gco:CharacterString>Merinov</gco:CharacterString> </cit:name> <cit:contactInfo> <cit:CI_Contact> <cit:phone> <cit:CI_Telephone> <cit:number> <gco:CharacterString></gco:CharacterString> </cit:number> </cit:CI_Telephone> </cit:phone> <cit:address> <cit:CI_Address> <cit:deliveryPoint> <gco:CharacterString></gco:CharacterString> </cit:deliveryPoint> <cit:city> <gco:CharacterString></gco:CharacterString> </cit:city> <cit:country> <gco:CharacterString></gco:CharacterString> </cit:country> </cit:CI_Address> </cit:address> <cit:onlineResource> <cit:CI_OnlineResource> <cit:linkage> <gco:CharacterString></gco:CharacterString> </cit:linkage> <cit:protocol> <gco:CharacterString>WWW:LINK</gco:CharacterString> </cit:protocol> <cit:function> <cit:CI_OnLineFunctionCode codeList="https://standards.iso.org/iso/19115/resources/Codelists/cat/codelists.xml#CI_OnLineFunctionCode" codeListValue="information"></cit:CI_OnLineFunctionCode> </cit:function> </cit:CI_OnlineResource> </cit:onlineResource> </cit:CI_Contact> </cit:contactInfo> <cit:individual> <cit:CI_Individual> <cit:name> <gco:CharacterString>Marie-Ève Clark</gco:CharacterString> </cit:name> <cit:contactInfo> <cit:CI_Contact></cit:CI_Contact> </cit:contactInfo> <cit:positionName> <gco:CharacterString>Research Professional</gco:CharacterString> </cit:positionName> </cit:CI_Individual> </cit:individual> </cit:CI_Organisation> </cit:party> </cit:CI_Responsibility> </cit:citedResponsibleParty> <cit:citedResponsibleParty> <cit:CI_Responsibility> <cit:role> <cit:CI_RoleCode codeList="https://standards.iso.org/iso/19115/resources/Codelists/cat/codelists.xml#CI_RoleCode" codeListValue="collaborator"/> </cit:role> <cit:party> <cit:CI_Organisation> <cit:name> <gco:CharacterString>Merinov</gco:CharacterString> </cit:name> <cit:contactInfo> <cit:CI_Contact> <cit:phone> <cit:CI_Telephone> <cit:number> <gco:CharacterString></gco:CharacterString> </cit:number> </cit:CI_Telephone> </cit:phone> <cit:address> <cit:CI_Address> <cit:deliveryPoint> <gco:CharacterString></gco:CharacterString> </cit:deliveryPoint> <cit:city> <gco:CharacterString></gco:CharacterString> </cit:city> <cit:country> <gco:CharacterString></gco:CharacterString> </cit:country> </cit:CI_Address> </cit:address> <cit:onlineResource> <cit:CI_OnlineResource> <cit:linkage> <gco:CharacterString></gco:CharacterString> </cit:linkage> <cit:protocol> <gco:CharacterString>WWW:LINK</gco:CharacterString> </cit:protocol> <cit:function> <cit:CI_OnLineFunctionCode codeList="https://standards.iso.org/iso/19115/resources/Codelists/cat/codelists.xml#CI_OnLineFunctionCode" codeListValue="information"></cit:CI_OnLineFunctionCode> </cit:function> </cit:CI_OnlineResource> </cit:onlineResource> </cit:CI_Contact> </cit:contactInfo> <cit:individual> <cit:CI_Individual> <cit:name> <gco:CharacterString>Marie-Ève Clark</gco:CharacterString> </cit:name> <cit:contactInfo> <cit:CI_Contact></cit:CI_Contact> </cit:contactInfo> <cit:positionName> <gco:CharacterString>Research Professional</gco:CharacterString> </cit:positionName> </cit:CI_Individual> </cit:individual> </cit:CI_Organisation> </cit:party> </cit:CI_Responsibility> </cit:citedResponsibleParty> <cit:citedResponsibleParty> <cit:CI_Responsibility> <cit:role> <cit:CI_RoleCode codeList="https://standards.iso.org/iso/19115/resources/Codelists/cat/codelists.xml#CI_RoleCode" codeListValue="collaborator"/> </cit:role> <cit:party> <cit:CI_Organisation> <cit:name> <gco:CharacterString>Merinov</gco:CharacterString> </cit:name> <cit:contactInfo> <cit:CI_Contact> <cit:phone> <cit:CI_Telephone> <cit:number> <gco:CharacterString></gco:CharacterString> </cit:number> </cit:CI_Telephone> </cit:phone> <cit:address> <cit:CI_Address> <cit:deliveryPoint> <gco:CharacterString></gco:CharacterString> </cit:deliveryPoint> <cit:city> <gco:CharacterString></gco:CharacterString> </cit:city> <cit:country> <gco:CharacterString></gco:CharacterString> </cit:country> </cit:CI_Address> </cit:address> <cit:onlineResource> <cit:CI_OnlineResource> <cit:linkage> <gco:CharacterString></gco:CharacterString> </cit:linkage> <cit:protocol> <gco:CharacterString>WWW:LINK</gco:CharacterString> </cit:protocol> <cit:function> <cit:CI_OnLineFunctionCode codeList="https://standards.iso.org/iso/19115/resources/Codelists/cat/codelists.xml#CI_OnLineFunctionCode" codeListValue="information"></cit:CI_OnLineFunctionCode> </cit:function> </cit:CI_OnlineResource> </cit:onlineResource> </cit:CI_Contact> </cit:contactInfo> <cit:individual> <cit:CI_Individual> <cit:name> <gco:CharacterString>Maude Sirois</gco:CharacterString> </cit:name> <cit:contactInfo> <cit:CI_Contact></cit:CI_Contact> </cit:contactInfo> <cit:positionName> <gco:CharacterString>Research Professional</gco:CharacterString> </cit:positionName> </cit:CI_Individual> </cit:individual> </cit:CI_Organisation> </cit:party> </cit:CI_Responsibility> </cit:citedResponsibleParty> <cit:citedResponsibleParty> <cit:CI_Responsibility> <cit:role> <cit:CI_RoleCode codeList="https://standards.iso.org/iso/19115/resources/Codelists/cat/codelists.xml#CI_RoleCode" codeListValue="coAuthor"/> </cit:role> <cit:party> <cit:CI_Organisation> <cit:name> <gco:CharacterString>Merinov</gco:CharacterString> </cit:name> <cit:contactInfo> <cit:CI_Contact> <cit:phone> <cit:CI_Telephone> <cit:number> <gco:CharacterString></gco:CharacterString> </cit:number> </cit:CI_Telephone> </cit:phone> <cit:address> <cit:CI_Address> <cit:deliveryPoint> <gco:CharacterString></gco:CharacterString> </cit:deliveryPoint> <cit:city> <gco:CharacterString></gco:CharacterString> </cit:city> <cit:country> <gco:CharacterString></gco:CharacterString> </cit:country> </cit:CI_Address> </cit:address> <cit:onlineResource> <cit:CI_OnlineResource> <cit:linkage> <gco:CharacterString></gco:CharacterString> </cit:linkage> <cit:protocol> <gco:CharacterString>WWW:LINK</gco:CharacterString> </cit:protocol> <cit:function> <cit:CI_OnLineFunctionCode codeList="https://standards.iso.org/iso/19115/resources/Codelists/cat/codelists.xml#CI_OnLineFunctionCode" codeListValue="information"></cit:CI_OnLineFunctionCode> </cit:function> </cit:CI_OnlineResource> </cit:onlineResource> </cit:CI_Contact> </cit:contactInfo> <cit:individual> <cit:CI_Individual> <cit:name> <gco:CharacterString>Maude Sirois</gco:CharacterString> </cit:name> <cit:contactInfo> <cit:CI_Contact></cit:CI_Contact> </cit:contactInfo> <cit:positionName> <gco:CharacterString>Research Professional</gco:CharacterString> </cit:positionName> </cit:CI_Individual> </cit:individual> </cit:CI_Organisation> </cit:party> </cit:CI_Responsibility> </cit:citedResponsibleParty> </cit:CI_Citation> </mri:citation> <mri:abstract xsi:type="lan:PT_FreeText_PropertyType"> <gco:CharacterString>Despite the close connection of freshwaters to human health, the occurrence and fate of microplastics in marine estuaries remain poorly documented. To study these particles in the Saint-Lawrence River (Quebec, Canada), surface water samples were collected along a river-to-sea continuum, from Saint-Louis Lake to Cacouna. The microplastics from these water samples were isolated and sorted by size range and by shapes: fibers (1 dimension), films (2 dimensions) or fragments (3 dimensions). Particles were identified by microscopy and infrared spectroscopy techniques. The physico-chemical (temperature, conductivity, pH and dissolved oxygen) gradients along the continuum were monitored at the time of sampling. Sampling of microplastics (0.3 – 3.2 mm) in surface water was carried out using an original pumping system (without plastic), at the rate of 3 replicates of 1,000 L per station. This work provides the first set of data concerning the microplastic pollution in a major river-to-sea continuum of North America and describes the fate of these microplastics along horizontal physico-chemical gradients. For more information you can consult the [scientific article](https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S030438942200766X?via%3Dihub) which results from these data: - L. Rowenczyk, H. Cai, B. Nguyen, M. Sirois, M.-C. Côté-Laurin, N. Toupoint, A. Ismail, N. Tufenkji, From freshwaters to bivalves: Microplastic distribution along the Saint-Lawrence river-to-sea continuum, Journal of Hazardous Materials, Volume 435, 2022,128977, ISSN 0304-3894, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2022.128977.</gco:CharacterString> <lan:PT_FreeText> <lan:textGroup> <lan:LocalisedCharacterString locale="#fr">Malgré le lien étroit entre les eaux douces et la santé humaine, la présence et le devenir des microplastiques dans les estuaires marins restent peu documentés. Pour étudier ces particules dans le fleuve Saint-Laurent (Québec, Canada), des échantillons d&#39;eau de surface ont été prélevés le long d&#39;un continuum fluvio-maritime, du lac Saint-Louis à Cacouna. Les microplastiques collectés dans ces échantillons ont été isolés puis classés par gamme de tailles et selon leur forme (fibres - 1 dimension, films - 2 dimensions ou fragments - 3 dimensions). Puis, la nature chimique des particules a été identifiée par spectroscopie infrarouge. Les gradients physico-chimiques (température, conductivité, pH et oxygène dissous) ont été mesurés au moment de l&#39;échantillonnage, le long du continuum. L’échantillonnage des microplastiques (0.3 – 3.2 mm) dans l’eau de surface, a été effectué à l’aide d’un système de pompage original (sans plastique), à raison de 3 réplicats de 1 000 L par station. Ce travail fournit le premier ensemble de données concernant la pollution par les microplastiques dans un important continuum fluvio-maritime en Amérique du Nord et décrit le devenir de ces microplastiques le long de gradients physico-chimiques horizontaux. Pour plus d&#39;information, vous pouvez consulter [l&#39;article scientifique](https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S030438942200766X?via%3Dihub) qui découle de ces données : - L. Rowenczyk, H. Cai, B. Nguyen, M. Sirois, M.-C. Côté-Laurin, N. Toupoint, A. Ismail, N. Tufenkji, From freshwaters to bivalves: Microplastic distribution along the Saint-Lawrence river-to-sea continuum, Journal of Hazardous Materials, Volume 435, 2022,128977, ISSN 0304-3894, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2022.128977.</lan:LocalisedCharacterString> </lan:textGroup> </lan:PT_FreeText> </mri:abstract> <mri:credit> <gco:CharacterString></gco:CharacterString> </mri:credit> <mri:status> <mcc:MD_ProgressCode codeList="http://standards.iso.org/iso/19115/resources/Codelists/cat/codelists.xml#MD_ProgressCode" codeListValue="completed"></mcc:MD_ProgressCode> </mri:status> <mri:topicCategory> <mri:MD_TopicCategoryCode>oceans</mri:MD_TopicCategoryCode> </mri:topicCategory> <mri:extent> <gex:EX_Extent> <gex:geographicElement> <gex:EX_BoundingPolygon> <gex:extentTypeCode> <gco:Boolean>true</gco:Boolean> </gex:extentTypeCode> <gex:polygon> <gml:Polygon gml:id="a1"> <gml:exterior> <gml:LinearRing> <gml:coordinates>-74.02,45.46 -73.89,45.31 -73.47,45.41 -73.38,45.74 -72.96,46.09 -72.74,46.13 -72.33,46.37 -72.08,46.55 -71.83,46.59 -70.52,46.96 -69.39,47.97 -69.75,48.11 -70.26,47.61 -70.79,47.19 -71.12,46.98 -71.68,46.70 -71.88,46.71 -72.46,46.45 -73.16,46.19 -73.55,45.77 -74.02,45.46</gml:coordinates> </gml:LinearRing> </gml:exterior> </gml:Polygon> </gex:polygon> </gex:EX_BoundingPolygon> </gex:geographicElement> </gex:EX_Extent> </mri:extent> <mri:extent> <gex:EX_Extent> <gex:verticalElement> <gex:EX_VerticalExtent> <gex:minimumValue> <gco:Real>0.0</gco:Real> </gex:minimumValue> <gex:maximumValue> <gco:Real>1.0</gco:Real> </gex:maximumValue> <gex:verticalCRSId> <mrs:MD_ReferenceSystem> <mrs:referenceSystemIdentifier> <mcc:MD_Identifier> <mcc:code> <gco:CharacterString>5831</gco:CharacterString> </mcc:code> <mcc:codeSpace> <gco:CharacterString>EPSG</gco:CharacterString> </mcc:codeSpace> <mcc:version> <gco:CharacterString>2012-08-10</gco:CharacterString> </mcc:version> <mcc:description> <gco:CharacterString>EPSG::5831 - Instantaneous Water Level depth - Depth relative to instantaneous water level uncorrected for tide. Not specific to any location or epoch.</gco:CharacterString> </mcc:description> </mcc:MD_Identifier> </mrs:referenceSystemIdentifier> <mrs:referenceSystemType> <mrs:MD_ReferenceSystemTypeCode codeList="https://standards.iso.org/iso/19115/resources/Codelists/cat/codelists.xml#MD_ReferenceSystemTypeCode" codeListValue="vertical">vertical</mrs:MD_ReferenceSystemTypeCode> </mrs:referenceSystemType> </mrs:MD_ReferenceSystem> </gex:verticalCRSId> <gex:verticalCRS xlink:href="http://www.epsg-registry.org/export.htm?gml=urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::5831" xlink:title="instantaneous water level depth" xlink:actuate="onRequest" /> </gex:EX_VerticalExtent> </gex:verticalElement> </gex:EX_Extent> </mri:extent> <mri:extent> <gex:EX_Extent> <gex:temporalElement> <gex:EX_TemporalExtent> <gex:extent> <gml:TimePeriod gml:id="time_period"> <gml:beginPosition>2019-07-29T15:00:00.000Z</gml:beginPosition> <gml:endPosition>2019-08-07T15:00:00.000Z</gml:endPosition> </gml:TimePeriod> </gex:extent> </gex:EX_TemporalExtent> </gex:temporalElement> </gex:EX_Extent> </mri:extent> <mri:resourceMaintenance> <mmi:MD_MaintenanceInformation> <mmi:maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency> <mmi:MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode codeList="http://standards.iso.org/iso/19115/resources/Codelists/cat/codelists.xml#MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode" codeListValue="asNeeded">asNeeded</mmi:MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode> </mmi:maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency> <mmi:maintenanceNote> <gco:CharacterString>Generated from https://cioos-siooc.github.io/metadata-entry-form</gco:CharacterString> </mmi:maintenanceNote> </mmi:MD_MaintenanceInformation> </mri:resourceMaintenance> <mri:descriptiveKeywords> <mri:MD_Keywords> <mri:keyword> <gco:CharacterString>Oceans</gco:CharacterString> </mri:keyword> <mri:thesaurusName> <cit:CI_Citation> <cit:title> <gco:CharacterString>Government of Canada Core Subject Thesaurus</gco:CharacterString> </cit:title> <cit:date> <cit:CI_Date> <cit:date> <gco:Date>2016-10-13</gco:Date> </cit:date> 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