British Columbia lightstation daily sea-surface temperature and salinity measurements, 1914 to present

Daily sea surface temperature and salinity observations have been carried out at several locations on the coast of British Columbia since the early part of the 20th century. Observations started at the Pacific Biological Station (Departure Bay) in 1914; 11 stations were added in the mid-1930s and several more in the 1960s. The number of stations reporting at any given time has varied as sampling has been discontinued at some stations and started or resumed at others.

Presently termed the British Columbia Shore Station Oceanographic Program (BCSOP), there are 12 participating stations where daily sea-surface temperature and salinity measurements have been collected from 1914 to present. Due to unfavourable sampling conditions, there are some gaps in the daily data.

Observations are made daily using seawater collected in a bucket lowered into the surface water at or near the daytime high tide. This sampling method was designed long ago by Dr. John P. Tully and has not been changed in the interests of a homogeneous data set. This means, for example, that if an observer starts sampling one day at 6 a.m., and continues to sample at the daytime high tide on the second day the sample will be taken at about 06:50 the next day, 07:40 the day after etc. When the daytime high-tide gets close to 6 p.m. the observer will then begin again to sample early in the morning, and the cycle continues. Since there is a day/night variation in the sea surface temperatures the daily time series will show a signal that varies with the14-day tidal cycle. This artifact does not affect the monthly sea surface temperature data.

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Licence: government-open-license-canada

Data and Resources

Citation

Keywords

Dataset extent

Map data © OpenStreetMap contributors

Metadata Reference Date(s) January 04, 2022 (Revision)
January 14, 2022 (Publication)
Dataset Reference Date(s) January 01, 1914 (Creation)
Frequency of Update As Needed

Responsible Party 1
Affiliation
Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO)
Email
DFO.PAC.SCI.IOSData-DonneesISO.SCI.PAC.MPO@dfo-mpo.gc.ca
Role
  • Custodian
  • Distributor
  • Owner

Field Value
Title British Columbia lightstation daily sea-surface temperature and salinity measurements, 1914 to present
Description

Daily sea surface temperature and salinity observations have been carried out at several locations on the coast of British Columbia since the early part of the 20th century. Observations started at the Pacific Biological Station (Departure Bay) in 1914; 11 stations were added in the mid-1930s and several more in the 1960s. The number of stations reporting at any given time has varied as sampling has been discontinued at some stations and started or resumed at others.

Presently termed the British Columbia Shore Station Oceanographic Program (BCSOP), there are 12 participating stations where daily sea-surface temperature and salinity measurements have been collected from 1914 to present. Due to unfavourable sampling conditions, there are some gaps in the daily data.

Observations are made daily using seawater collected in a bucket lowered into the surface water at or near the daytime high tide. This sampling method was designed long ago by Dr. John P. Tully and has not been changed in the interests of a homogeneous data set. This means, for example, that if an observer starts sampling one day at 6 a.m., and continues to sample at the daytime high tide on the second day the sample will be taken at about 06:50 the next day, 07:40 the day after etc. When the daytime high-tide gets close to 6 p.m. the observer will then begin again to sample early in the morning, and the cycle continues. Since there is a day/night variation in the sea surface temperatures the daily time series will show a signal that varies with the14-day tidal cycle. This artifact does not affect the monthly sea surface temperature data.

Keywords
Ocean Variables
  • Sea Surface Salinity
  • Sea Surface Temperature
Citation

[{\"type\": \"dataset\", \"id\": \"ca.cioos_654a4ece-7271-4f5a-ba60-b50a62dbd051\", \"author\": [{\"literal\": \"Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO)\"}], \"issued\": [{\"date-parts\": [\"2022\", \"01\", \"14\"]}], \"abstract\": \"Daily sea surface temperature and salinity observations have been carried out at several locations on the coast of British Columbia since the early part of the 20th century. Observations started at the Pacific Biological Station (Departure Bay) in 1914; 11 stations were added in the mid-1930s and several more in the 1960s. The number of stations reporting at any given time has varied as sampling has been discontinued at some stations and started or resumed at others.\n\nPresently termed the British Columbia Shore Station Oceanographic Program (BCSOP), there are 12 participating stations where daily sea-surface temperature and salinity measurements have been collected from 1914 to present. Due to unfavourable sampling conditions, there are some gaps in the daily data.\n\nObservations are made daily using seawater collected in a bucket lowered into the surface water at or near the daytime high tide. This sampling method was designed long ago by Dr. John P. Tully and has not been changed in the interests of a homogeneous data set. This means, for example, that if an observer starts sampling one day at 6 a.m., and continues to sample at the daytime high tide on the second day the sample will be taken at about 06:50 the next day, 07:40 the day after etc. When the daytime high-tide gets close to 6 p.m. the observer will then begin again to sample early in the morning, and the cycle continues. Since there is a day/night variation in the sea surface temperatures the daily time series will show a signal that varies with the14-day tidal cycle. This artifact does not affect the monthly sea surface temperature data.\", \"edition\": \"\", \"edition-date\": \"\", \"publisher\": \"\", \"title\": \"British Columbia lightstation daily sea-surface temperature and salinity measurements, 1914 to present\", \"language\": \"en\", \"URL\": \"https://catalogue.cioospacific.ca/dataset/ca-cioos_654a4ece-7271-4f5a-ba60-b50a62dbd051?local=en\"}]

Scope Dataset
Status On Going
Metadata Dates
Metadata Date 1
Date
2022-01-04
Type
Revision
Metadata Date 2
Date
2022-01-14
Type
Publication
Resource Dates
Resource Date 1
Date
1914-01-01
Type
Creation
Maintenance and update frequency As Needed
Maintenance Note Generated from https://cioos-siooc.github.io/metadata-entry-form
Point of Contact
Point of Contact 1
Affiliation
Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO)
Email
DFO.PAC.SCI.IOSData-DonneesISO.SCI.PAC.MPO@dfo-mpo.gc.ca
Role
Custodian
Responsible Party
Responsible Party 1
Affiliation
Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO)
Email
DFO.PAC.SCI.IOSData-DonneesISO.SCI.PAC.MPO@dfo-mpo.gc.ca
Role
Owner
Distributor
Distributor 1
Affiliation
Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO)
Email
DFO.PAC.SCI.IOSData-DonneesISO.SCI.PAC.MPO@dfo-mpo.gc.ca
Role
Distributor
Spatial Extent { "coordinates": [ [ [ -134.6, 47.53 ], [ -121.5, 47.53 ], [ -121.5, 55.28 ], [ -134.6, 55.28 ], [ -134.6, 47.53 ] ] ], "type": "Polygon" }
North Bounding Latitude 55.28
South Bounding Latitude 47.53
East Bounding Longitude -121.5
West Bounding Longitude -134.6
Temporal Extent
Begin
1914-01-01
Vertical Extent
Min
0.0
Max
0.0
Default Locale English
XML Metadata File Location https://pac-dev1.cioos.org/dev/metadata/pacific/british_columbia_lightstation__654a4.xml
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Box 6000</gco:CharacterString> </cit:deliveryPoint> <cit:city> <gco:CharacterString>Sidney</gco:CharacterString> </cit:city> <cit:country> <gco:CharacterString>Canada</gco:CharacterString> </cit:country> <cit:electronicMailAddress> <gco:CharacterString>DFO.PAC.SCI.IOSData-DonneesISO.SCI.PAC.MPO@dfo-mpo.gc.ca</gco:CharacterString> </cit:electronicMailAddress> </cit:CI_Address> </cit:address> <cit:onlineResource> <cit:CI_OnlineResource> <cit:linkage> <gco:CharacterString></gco:CharacterString> </cit:linkage> <cit:protocol> <gco:CharacterString>WWW:LINK</gco:CharacterString> </cit:protocol> <cit:function> <cit:CI_OnLineFunctionCode codeList="https://standards.iso.org/iso/19115/resources/Codelists/cat/codelists.xml#CI_OnLineFunctionCode" codeListValue="information"></cit:CI_OnLineFunctionCode> </cit:function> </cit:CI_OnlineResource> </cit:onlineResource> </cit:CI_Contact> </cit:contactInfo> </cit:CI_Organisation> </cit:party> </cit:CI_Responsibility> </cit:citedResponsibleParty> </cit:CI_Citation> </mri:citation> <mri:abstract xsi:type="lan:PT_FreeText_PropertyType"> <gco:CharacterString>Daily sea surface temperature and salinity observations have been carried out at several locations on the coast of British Columbia since the early part of the 20th century. Observations started at the Pacific Biological Station (Departure Bay) in 1914; 11 stations were added in the mid-1930s and several more in the 1960s. The number of stations reporting at any given time has varied as sampling has been discontinued at some stations and started or resumed at others. Presently termed the British Columbia Shore Station Oceanographic Program (BCSOP), there are 12 participating stations where daily sea-surface temperature and salinity measurements have been collected from 1914 to present. Due to unfavourable sampling conditions, there are some gaps in the daily data. Observations are made daily using seawater collected in a bucket lowered into the surface water at or near the daytime high tide. This sampling method was designed long ago by Dr. John P. Tully and has not been changed in the interests of a homogeneous data set. This means, for example, that if an observer starts sampling one day at 6 a.m., and continues to sample at the daytime high tide on the second day the sample will be taken at about 06:50 the next day, 07:40 the day after etc. When the daytime high-tide gets close to 6 p.m. the observer will then begin again to sample early in the morning, and the cycle continues. Since there is a day/night variation in the sea surface temperatures the daily time series will show a signal that varies with the14-day tidal cycle. This artifact does not affect the monthly sea surface temperature data.</gco:CharacterString> <lan:PT_FreeText> <lan:textGroup> <lan:LocalisedCharacterString locale="#fr">Depuis le début du 20e siècle, chaque jour la température et la salinité de la surface de la mer ont été mesurées à plusieurs endroits sur la côte de la Colombie Britannique. Les observations ont commencé à la station biologique du Pacifique (Baie du Départ) en 1914, 11 stations ont été ajoutées dans les années 1930, et plusieurs autres dans les années 1960. Le nombre de stations d&#39;observation a varié puisque l&#39;échantillonnage a été interrompu à certaines stations, et commencé ou repris à d&#39;autres. Appelé le Programme de station côtière de Colombie-Britannique (PSCCB), il y a 12 stations participantes où des mesures quotidiennes de la température et de la salinité de la surface de la mer ont été recueillies de 1914 à aujourd&#39;hui. En raison de conditions d&#39;échantillonnage défavorables, il existe des lacunes dans les données quotidiennes. Les observations sont effectuées quotidiennement à l&#39;aide d&#39;eau de mer recueillies dans un seau abaissé dans l&#39;eau de surface au moment de la haute marée diurne. Cette méthode d&#39;échantillonnage a été conçue il y a bien longtemps par le Dr. John P. Tully et nous avons choisi de ne pas changer la stratégie afin d&#39;avoir un ensemble de données homogènees. Par exemple, si un observateur commence à prélever le premier jour à 6h du matin, et continue à prélever à la haute marée diurne, le 2ème jour il/elle prendra des échantillons à environ 6h50 le jour suivant, 7h40 le jour d&#39;après etc ... Quand la haute marée diurne approche 18h, l&#39;échantillonnage est effectué de nouveau à 6h du matin et le cycle recommence. Puisque la température de surface de la mer a une variation jour / nuit, les données quotidiennes montrent un signal qui varie selon le cycle de marée de 14 jours. 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